Immigrate to United Kingdom
The United Kingdom’s points-based immigration system is the means of regulating immigration to the UK from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) to come to the country to work, study, invest or train. It is composed of five “Tiers” which replace the work permit and entry schemes.
Tier 1 (General) Visa
Replaced the Highly Skilled Migrant Programme scheme of 2008, it allows all skilled workers, both in the UK and abroad to work in the UK without work restrictions.
The Tier 1 (General) allows the applicant to stay in the UK for up to 2 years to work as an employee or a self-employed person. Visa holders who have stayed in the UK for 5 year or more are eligible to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain or ILR.
Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) Visa https://www.gov.uk/tier-1-entrepreneur
For applicants who live outside the EEA and Switzerland that wanted to set up or run a business in the UK. Applicant must have access to at least £50,000 to £200,000 investment funds, and have pass the approved UK English Language test requirement (CEFN score B1 in writing, listening, reading and speaking).
The Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa allows the holder and the dependents to stay in the UK for a maximum of 3 years and 4 months with possible extension of visa. Tier 1 visa holders can be eligible for a settlement if they have stayed in the UK for 5 years or more.
Tier 1 (Investor) visa https://www.gov.uk/tier-1-investor
For applicants outside European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland who wish to invest capital (at least £2,000,000 or more) in the UK.
To apply for a Tier 1 (investor) visa applicants must meet all the criteria such as: Age, English language ability, and proof of funds to qualify. A maximum of 3 years will be granted for successful applicant to stay and work in the UK with a possibility of another 3 years visa extension.
Tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) visa https://www.gov.uk/tier-1-exceptional-talent
The tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) visa is a temporary visa for applicants who are internationally recognized as a world leader or possess potential world-leading talent in the fields of science and the arts, and who wish to work in the UK.
To qualify, an applicant must be:
· Endorses as a leader or an emerging leader in the fields of : Science, Engineering, Humanities, Medicine, Digital Technology, and the Arts
A visa holder can stay in the UK for a maximum of 5 years and 4 months and is allowed to live and work or set up a business in the UK without any restrictions. Also, tiers 1 (Exceptional Talent) visa holder’s dependent are entitled a free access to public school and subsidized tertiary education.
Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) visa https://www.gov.uk/tier-1-graduate-entrepreneur-visa
The Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) visa allows non- European graduate who has been officially endorsed by the UK Higher Education Institution (HEI) as having a genuine and credible business idea.
To qualify, an applicant must have:
· A UK-recognised Bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree or Ph.D. awarded before the date of endorsement
· ·An endorsement from a UK HEI issued in the past 3 months
· Has enough saving to support themselves and their dependents during their stay in the UK.
Visa holders are allowed to stay in the UK for 1 year and have the ability to extend their stay for an additional year but are not eligible for an ILR. They are only allowed to work for their establish business or work in another company for no more than 20 hours per week. Dependents have free access to public schools, and subsidized tertiary education, and have the right to work and study without any restriction.
Tier 2 (General) Visa https://www.gov.uk/tier-2-general
A Tier 2 (General) Visa is a temporary visa offered to Non- European semi-skilled and highly skilled workers to fill a job position and lessen existing labour shortages.
An applicant must be sponsored (ie, certificate of sponsorship from a licensed sponsor) to be able to apply for this visa. The work or position he will do in the UK must be related to his sponsor organization.
Tier 2 (General) Visa holders and their dependents can stay in the UK for a maximum of 5 years, or the time given on the certificate of sponsorship plus 1 month, whichever is shorter. They are allowed to have another job in the same sector and position to his main role or do any jobs that are listed on the UK shortage list for up to 20 hours per week.
Tier 2 Shortage Occupational List - https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/tier-2-shortage-occupation-list